Because of the similarities, this typology area also contains the large classification of fruit/canning jars because they were being definitely intended and used for meals preservation containers nevertheless envisioned and promoted as remaining indefinitely re-usable (until finally broken) whereas the opposite food stuff containers mentioned listed here had been mostly utilized at the time and discarded. (Observe: As mentioned routinely on this Web-site, the re-utilization of "disposable" bottles of virtually all sorts was typical up right until the early 20th century; food stuff bottles ended up most likely no different and have been frequently re-made use of.) Canning jars very likely warrant a individual typology website page (as has become proposed by some reviewers) but are tackled right here for simplicity due to the fact These are a classification inside the wide team of "foodstuff" bottles however usually handled independently by lots of authors.
These characteristics are per a manufacture in the course of the 1850s or early 1860s. A person of those bottles with the original label mentioned that it contained "tomato catsup" and comparable bottles from this corporation have been recorded in cobalt blue and deep eco-friendly, however the overwhelming majority are aqua (Zumwalt 1980; empirical observations). Pickle bottles from this corporation have been also excavated from both equally the steamships Arabia and Bertrand which sank within the Missouri River in 1856 and 1865, respectively (Switzer 1974; Hawley 1998). This offers some indicator of how normally applied these bottles were being throughout the mid-19th century.
The pictured case in point to the best is surely an EXCELSIOR half gallon jar which was produced by the Excelsior Glass Works (Pittsburgh, PA.) in small business from 1859 to 1886 (Creswick 1987). Click the next one-way links for more images of this jar: watch of the bottom rim and threaded end; look at of the complete EXCELSIOR fruit jar exhibiting The shortage of an abrupt shoulder ledge that normal Mason jars with the period used as being the sealing area.
1 exception famous by the website author tend to be the Globe canning jars which do have mold air venting in proof; these jars are talked over down the road this web site.
Ground rims on other kinds of mouth-blown bottles had been mainly a late 19th (1880s and later) to early 20th century (mid to late 1910s) attribute and most commonly (but not completely) observed on liquor flasks (usually just over molded external screw threads), inks, and ointment jars manufactured during that period. See the "floor complete" discussion around the Bottle Finish Kinds or Variations site For more info. Click the subsequent connection to see an 1888 patent for just a "Glass-Grinding Device" which shows a fruit jar in place acquiring its rim ground down: Patent #386,738 - Glass-Grinding Device, July 24, 1888.
It's also doable this bottle was useful for Another fully distinctive product (maybe a "specialty" barber bottle or employed for liquor) though it has similarity normally sort to fancier sauce bottles (Zumwalt 1980). Click the subsequent back links to view extra images of the bottle: base look at demonstrating the glass tipped pontil scar; shut-up from the crudely used oil variety end.
Many dozen bottles equivalent in size, conformation, and producing method (together with becoming free of charge-blown but not pontil scarred) into the pictured instance ended up uncovered from the S. S. BERTRAND which sank inside the Missouri River in April 1865. The picture to the above proper is of 1 of these bottles exhibiting the similarity on the pictured bottle. Simply click Bertrand olive oil to find out the whole picture and accompanying illustration from Switzer (1974). These bottles have been uncovered with wood case stenciling indicating they contained imported French olive oil (Switzer 1974).
The latter is usually not possible Except if the instance has the original labels or is embossed, a rare prevalence. Generally speaking, the courting of those form bottles depending on producing similar diagnostic options follows rather perfectly the guidelines presented during this Web site and summarized about the Bottle Dating page; see that page Home Page To find out more.
Typical wax seal fruit jars had been created by numerous makers during the Midwest and western Pennsylvania; the pictured illustration most likely remaining created by the Indianapolis Glass Is effective (Indianapolis, IN.) among 1870 and 1877. Aqua is undoubtedly the most commonly encountered glass colour for wax seal fruit jars with shades of amber unusual and various colors (shades of olive and real greens, cobalt blue, black glass) really seldom witnessed (Creswick 1987).
To be able to get yourself a really feel for The range of jars and closures designed in the previous half from the 19th century, click a number of the back links beneath to view pics of an array of Bizarre and strange jars.
(Images from eBay®.) The W. K. Lewis Corporation began organization about 1847 and ongoing right until at the least 1900 (Zumwalt 1980). Click the following one-way links to perspective more illustrations or photos of the bottle: foundation check out exhibiting the iron or enhanced pontil mark; close-up of your shoulder, neck, and end displaying the bead complete which was most likely applied not rolled as evidenced by the significant glass "slop" on the higher neck.
Again it need to be said the category of bottles covered on this webpage (Food stuff bottles & Fruit/Canning jars) is extremely large and various. Like all of the bottle "typing" (typology) web pages linked to the primary Bottle Typing/Diagnostic Shapes web site, this website page just scratched the surface area as to the full variety of these bottle forms. It does, however, deal with the main kinds which were most commonly applied and encountered within just an archaeological context. This site has also fairly emphasized mouth-blown bottles because that topic is of a lot more familiarity on the author of this Web site than later 20th century, equipment-made objects.
Sq.: The gothic peppersauce bottle pictured during the higher remaining corner of the part is a square gothic sauce courting from your 1850s to mid-1860s time period determined by diagnostic features such as an improved or iron pontil mark on the base and also a critical mould foundation conformation. This example is normal of the look well-liked in the course of the 1850 by means of 1880 period of time. Click foundation view to check out an image of this bottles foundation exhibiting the very unique iron or enhanced pontil scar. The picture to the best is of a bit later on Model of the square gothic pepper sauce (ca. 1880 to 1885 depending on the context of wherever excavated) that has a crudely used double ring end (The standard finish on most gothic sauces), write-up-base mildew conformation, no proof of a pontil scar nor of any mildew air venting.
Square and hexagonal illustrations initial appeared within the late 1840s to maybe early 1850s (Deiss 1981).